Best answer: What is PTP in robotics?

Point-to-point movement (PTP movement) is time optimal movement between two given points in 3D space. Robot axes are moving synchronically from the current point (M1) to the target point (M2),which results in curved trajectory of the end-effector.

What are the various movements of robots?


  • 1.1 Walking.
  • 1.2 Rolling.
  • 1.3 Hopping.
  • 1.4 Metachronal motion.
  • 1.5 Slithering.
  • 1.6 Swimming.
  • 1.7 Brachiating.
  • 1.8 Hybrid.

How is the movement of the robot controlled?

Robot arms move through the action of rotating and sliding joints, while mobile robots move through locomotion and steering. Robot tasks, on the other hand, are done with tools (end effectors) on the robot. Tasks may be manipulative, as when using a gripper, or they may be sensory, as when positioning a camera.

Which gripper is used to handle heavy objects?

Vacuum grippers

Compressed air-type grippers produce between four and ten times more power than their electromechanical counterparts, which makes them a good fit for lifting heavy weights.

Which robots repeats the same sequence of motions in all its operations?

Explanation: The fixed-sequence robot, also called a pick-and-place robot, is programmed for a specific sequence of operations. Its movements are from point to point, and the cycle is repeated continuously.

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How do you control a robot?

Robots are most often controlled using a tether (wired), wirelessly or autonomously. Tethered The easiest way to control a robot is using a handheld controller connected physically to the robot using wires or a cable.

What programming language is used for robotics?

The most popular language in robotics is probably C/C++ (C++ is an object-oriented successor to the C language). Python is also very popular due to its use in machine learning and also because it can be used to develop ROS packages – see below.

What is a robot motion?

Robot motion control enables articulated arms to move through the action of rotating and sliding joints, and mobile robots to move through locomotion and steering. This controlled motion enables these complex tasks with whatever end effector is appropriate on the robot.

What are different types of grippers?

Selecting the best gripper for your automation project will be much easier once you learn about the most common gripper types available.

  • Parallel Motion Two-Jaw Gripper. …
  • Three-Jaw Gripper. …
  • Bellows Gripper. …
  • Collet and Expanding Mandrel Grippers. …
  • O-Ring Grippers. …
  • Needle Grippers. …
  • Multi-Finger and Adaptive Grippers.

What is mechanical gripper in robotics?

A mechanical gripper is used as an end effector in a robot for grasping the objects with its mechanically operated fingers. Mechanical Gripper. A mechanical gripper is used as an end effector in a robot for grasping the objects with its mechanically operated fingers.

How does a gripper work?

The gripper is connected to the compressed air supply system. As the compressed air is introduced into the cylinder, it powers the piston rod. The piston rod is connected to the gripping fingers. As the air pressure moves the piston up and down, the fingers open or close in a parallel or angular manner.

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Where are tethered robots used most often?

Tethered ground robots (TGRs) have been widely used for observation and remote manipulation in hostile environments and tethered aerial robots (TARs) are becoming more frequently used for monitoring, surveying, and fixing power lines.

Where are industrial robots often used in manufacturing?

Typical applications of robots include welding, painting, assembly, disassembly, pick and place for printed circuit boards, packaging and labeling, palletizing, product inspection, and testing; all accomplished with high endurance, speed, and precision. They can assist in material handling.

What are the four basic configurations for robots?

There are six major types of robot configurations: Cartesian, Cylindrical, Spherical, Selective Compliance Articulated Robot Arm (SCARA). Articulate, and Delta (Parallel). Some industrial robots may not be able to scratch the back of their forearm with the same hand, just like most people can not perform this task.